The French revolution caused the feudal society of France to overthrow the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI, thus overthrowing the old regime in favour of a republic that was based on respect for individual rights of the people.
The French revolution is often viewed today as a time when the ideas of the enlightenment were put into action. An impact of the enlightenment on the French revolution can be seen in the declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen. The national assembly adopted the document on august 26th 1789.
The declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen set out a series of individual rights protected by law. The basic principles of the declaration can be seen in the ideas and arguments of the great thinkers of the enlightenment. The declaration is also considered to be one of the first documents that argued in favour of natural rights for all citizens, and is seen as a major turning point in the history of the modern western world.