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The United States participated in a hostile collective security approach within Europe that affected the tensions between the US and the Soviet Union and led to the escalation of tensions that caused the Cold War. Though the US did not intend for the Cold War to arise, the containment policies in Europe were unjustified and led to increased tensions between the two counties. The United States was far too aggressive when providing economic, military, and political assistance to European countries, which interfered with the security of the Soviet Union, and, therefore, encouraged the commencement of the Cold War between the two countries.
Policies of economic aid in Europe referred to as the Marshall Plan, were formed with the intention of dividing eastern and western Europe into warring states. This movement of the US was the primary action that the US took against Soviet Communism in eastern Europe. Truman’s intention of employing the plan was to draw western countries away from the control of the USSR, which would undermine the Soviet powers within the region. By applying “strings” to financial aid packages that the US provided Europe, the United States began to gain increasing control over domestic and foreign policies of western European countries. Many of those strings addressed the implantation of collective security within western Europe, as witnessed in the Mutual Security Program; after the Marshall Plan. By administering such a policy, the US provoked the response of the Soviet Union; observed in the tightening of control in the Soviet empire. Countries became annexed under the strict rule of the USSR and the economic policies of the United States led to a poisoned environment that influenced the beginning of the Cold War. Moreover, serving as a catalyst to the Cold War, was the United States’ policies against Germany following World War II that were intentionally antagonistic towards Soviet territorial and economic development in the region. The Potsdam Conference resulted in the idea of separating Germany into four zones that were to be divided between the Great Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. In 1947, the western powers found themselves to fear the spread of global communism more than the industrial skills of Germany and concurred with the United States’ proposal of merging the US, UK, and France regions for the purpose of manufacturing more goods to combat communism. The initial intent of the plan was out of concern for the rising communist power of the USSR but appeared bellicose because it was agreed upon without negotiation from the Soviets. The ignorant nature of the Allies provoked Stalin into engaging in the Berlin Blockade, as he felt threatened by their decision to limit the Soviet Union’s borders that would, therefore, limit his access to resources, and affect the economic capacity of the USSR. By forcing the Soviet Union into a vulnerable status that resulted from the aggression of the United States’ economic aid towards supporting European countries, the US served as a catalyst to the rising of tensions between the USSR and the United States that, ultimately, lead towards the development of the Cold War.
The economic inferiority of the Soviet Union had a powerful impact on its capability of sustaining its defense expenditures and military investments. The difficulties of the economic system meant that the USSR was lagging behind the advancements in weapons technology in the US. The Soviets were behind the United States in technological areas of target acquisition, sensors, tracking, and computer software in which the fundamental technologies would be exercised through the west’s concept of the SDI, which threatened to make the USSR’s previous military technology inexistent. These areas of the Soviet Union would require heavy investment, in order to match the military strength of threatening world powers such as the United States and Japan, if the USSR wished to continue to be the leading world power. However, the sacrifice that the military investiture would require would leave millions of Soviet-governed individuals without basic commodities such as food and shelter. The world began to experience the first indications of the Cold War, as western European countries began requesting assistance. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, thus, committed the military aid of the US to ensure security in Europe, resulting in the linking of Europe’s and the United States’ security structures. Stalin responded to the US through the collective defense treaty; the Warsaw Pact. The establishment of the two differing alliance systems accentuated the defining split among ideologies of democracy and communism. Though the United States was only pursuing their own security interests, the imprudence that they showed towards the USSR served towards the development of military differences that would limit any potential for growth of the countries’ relationship with one another.
The major concern that the US held over the USSR was their governmental system. Followers of the Domino Theory believed that nations suffering from political and economic difficulty would be drawn to the practice of communism and that communist supporters that were inspired by the Soviet Union, would instigate a revolution against the nation. Politicians saw the Soviet Union as an expansionist state that thirsted for global domination, consequently employing the domino effect and its military power to extend across the globe. This philosophy inspired faith in the Truman Doctrine, a foreign policy that pledged US support to anti-communist regimes to protect them from falling victim to the control of the communists. From this outlook, the interventionist foreign policy of the United States preventing the growth of communism was critical in the US obtaining victory in the Cold War. The Truman Doctrine was established in March 1947 with President Harry S. Truman pledging that ‘it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures’, naming communism as the enemy, which he classified as ‘a way of life… based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority…that relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms.’ The doctrine was used to justify the multitudinous interventions in the political affairs of other states in various methods, ranging from peaceful economic incentives used to coerce nations into adopting capitalism or used to assist the struggling European states in the aftermath of the Second World War. The incapacity to recognize diverse perspectives on their disagreement with the Soviet political system underlines the apparent theme of the United States’ aggressive interference that disrupted the security of the Soviet Union, and essentially, amplified the discrepancies that would lead towards the Cold War.
Conclusion
The United States was far too aggressive when providing economic, military, and political assistance to European countries, which directly interfered with the security of the Soviet Union, and, therefore, encouraged the commencement of the Cold War between the two countries. By forcing the Soviet Union into a vulnerable status that resulted from the aggression of the United States’ economic aid towards supporting European countries, the US served as a catalyst to the rising of tensions between the USSR and the United States that, ultimately, lead towards the development of the Cold War. Though the United States was only pursuing their own security interests, the imprudence that they showed towards the USSR served towards the development of military differences that would limit any potential for growth of the countries’ relationship with one another. The incapacity to recognize diverse perspectives on their disagreement with the Soviet political system underlines the apparent theme of the United States’ aggressive interference that disrupted the security of the Soviet Union, and essentially, amplified the discrepancies that would lead towards the Cold War. The United States’ policies were far too interferent with the Soviet Union The overbearing presence of the United States’ economic, military, and political assistance within the Soviet Union, lead towards the diverging perspectives of the two countries and aided in the development of estrangements between the Soviet Union and the United States, that, ultimately, influenced the commencement of the Cold War.

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