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You’ve all heard of Martin Luther king, the man who played an enormous role in black civil rights, but have you heard of Nelson Mandela. King and Mandela both share similarities and differences but they both worked for a similar cause. As you know King worked for black civil rights and segregation. Mandela worked to end apartheid so that a segregated south Africa would be no more. His dream was achieved in the year 1994.
Nelson Mandela, some people have no idea who he is or what he did. According to History.com it states that “Nelson Mandela was born in South Africa on July 1918, his mother was Nonquphi Nosekeni and his father was Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela”. Mandela was a political leader as well as an anti-apartheid activist. He would become the president of South Africa during the early to late 90s (1994-1999). He also served as president of the African National Congress party from 1991 to 1997. Apartheid was very similar or virtually the same to America’s segregation. According to Wikipedia it states, “it was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 to 1994”. He fought for the liberties of all the blacks residing in South Africa. These civil liberties are freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom to petition the government. Nelson’s decades worth of progress finally got to the end goal and in 1994 the blacks of South Africa were no longer separated from the white minority and were now integrated with each other.
Martin Luther King Jr, he died young, but his achievement will be remembered in history forever. King was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1929. His parents were Martin Luth king Sr and Alberta Williams King. King was an American Baptist minister who was well known for being a civil rights activist during segregated America. His involvement in civil rights started in 1955 until his untimely death in 1968 (aged 39). He advanced through civil rights by nonviolence. His Christian beliefs and the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi (nonviolent activist) were the main factor in which his movements were made without violence. Segregation started in America in 1877, in the years that segregation was active there’s was these laws called Jim crow laws. In this era there was a phrase, it was “separate but equal”. Blacks and white supposedly received the same quality of service just in different and separate facilities. In the civil rights movement the repeal of “separate but equal” was a major milestone in their mission. The civil rights movement was a fight for social equality that toke place from the 50s to the 60s. According to history.com it states, “The Civil War had officially abolished slavery, but it didn’t end discrimination against blacks they continued to endure the devastating effects of racism, especially in the South”. The fight of the civil rights movement finally ended in 1968.
Glory and hope, This speech was made by Nelson Mandela

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